1. Mongol passport (paizi), Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), 13th century

    (Source: asianhistory)

  2. omgthatdress:


    Caucasian, 8th century AD

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art

  3. medievalistsnet:

    Above, a set of Hunnish horse trappings.

    A look at the Migration period: Barbarians and Huns.

    Scandinavia and the Huns: an Interdisciplinary Approach to the Migration Era

    Lotte Hedeager

    Norwegian Archaeological Review: Vol. 000, No. 000 (2007)


    The aim of this paper is to discuss the early Migration period as a particular period of ‘short term history’ and its formative impact on the Scandinavian longue duree in the first millenium. During this particular period of time, the object world of Scandinavia demonstrates radical changes in symbolic representation, followed by long term continuity and social/mental resistance to change. It is argued that the Huns, as a historical fact, were present in Scandinavia in the early fifth century. Their impact was to generate an‘episodic transition’ that opened up a whole new set of social, religious andpolitical strategies, in Scandinavia in particular as well as in Barbarian Europein general, and gave rise to a new Germanic identity in the aftermath of the Roman Empire…

    (via leradr)

  4. artofthedarkages:

    Buckles, hinges, and fittings with openwork and incised designs of swirls, plants, and horsemen.

    Forged out of leaded tin and bronze.

    Made in the 8th-9th century for an Avar nobleman in Austria.

    Currently located at the British Museum.

    (via medievalvisions)

  5. magictransistor:

    Li Song. Puppet Play of a Skeleton. Southern Song Dynasty. 1166-1243

    (via leradr)

  6. peashooter85:

    The Terror of the Hashashin,

    In the 11th century a Nazari missionary named Hassan-i Sabbah began a small community of worshipers in the mountains of Northern Persia.  A follower of a Shia Islamic group called the Isma’li, Sabbah was a very charismatic leader who organized a very large movement in a very short period of time.  To accommodate his followers his movement occupied the fortress of Alamut.  After a few decades, his followers occupied dozens of fortresses in Northern Iran.

    Immediately Sabbah’s movement fell under assault as regional powers such as the Persians, the Fatimid Empire, and later the Crusaders saw them as heretics who constituted a political and military threat.  As a result, Sabbah made intense training in warfare and combat a centerpiece of his religious teachings.  His followers were trained to be elite soldiers and religious fanatics.  Despite the militaristic flavor of his movement, Sabbah knew that a well orchestrated assassination or the proper application of intimidation could achieve much more than military power.

    To complement his warriors, Sabbah founded the Order of Assassins, also known as the Hashashin because they often imbibed in the drug hashish.  The assassins were required to be young, experts in hand to hand combat, religious fanatics, and also cold, calculating, and intelligent.

    Over the next two decades the Hashashin were the most feared assassins in the Middle East, Central Asia, and perhaps the known world.  Targets were typically powerful men such as political leaders, generals, religious leaders, and Crusaders.  One famous victim was the famed Egyptian Muslim leader named Saladin.  Saladin survived two attempts on his life by the Hashashin.  Throughout the rest of his life Saladin lived in terror and paranoia. In 1192 and Italian knight and nobleman named Conrad of Montferrat was elected as King of Jerusalem.  Two days later he was stabbed to death by two Hashashin dressed as Christian monks.  Most suspected that his rival, Richard the Lionheart, had hired the Hashashin to commit the deed.  Another famous victim was Prince Edward Longshanks, future King of England featured in the film “Braveheart”.  Prince Edward was badly wounded and forced to return home.  Even the mere threat of murder by the Hashashin was enough to intimidate rulers to do their bidding.  When the Seljuk Sultan Sanjar attempted to invade Hashashin territory, he awoke one morning to find a dagger with a threatening note stuck in his pillow.  He then called of the invasion.

    The terror of the Hashashin spread far and wide.  Then in the 13th century the Hashashin messed with someone who was far worse than they.  In 1253 the Hashashin attempted to assasinate the Mongke Khan, the Fourth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire.  Needless to say, the Mongols were not the sort to be intimidated, even by the feared Hashashin. Without pause the Mongols surrounded and stormed their many fortresses, ruthlessly slaughtering all Hashashin without mercy. In 1256 they destroyed the fortress of Alamut, the last bastion of the Hashashin. Those who survived the Mongols furry were tortured and beheaded, including the order’s last grandmaster Rukn al-Din Khurshah.

    (via historynewsandviws)

  7. adokal:

    Fritware bowl, with polychrome decoration and gold leaf in and over an opaque, white glaze, ca 1200, Minai type, Iran, Kashan. The David Collection, Copenhagen, Denmark.


  8. gwebarchaeology:


    Mongolia: Life Before Genghis Khan and his Empire

    Chinggis Khaan (the local pronunciation and spelling of Genghis Khan) is synonymous with the Mongols and Mongolian history, and for many there was no other story, culture or history. However, long before the rise of the Mongol Empire in the 12th century the country was home to ancient kingdoms, the remains of which are still visible today. 20 kilometres West of Mörön, in the North of Mongolia, lays the fascinating proof of this early history.

    Continue reading »

    (via leradr)

  9. mediumaevum:

    7th-9th century earrings form Serbia (found near Veliko Gradiste and Macvanska Mitrovica). They were most likely ordered and made in famous Byzantine gold centers.

    Serbia has a very rich medieval history, but its people need help in the present day.

    If you want to help out at least reblog this, if you are unable to donate. We had a very low media coverage. The damage is incalculable and we will feel the effects of this for years to come. Spreading the word is essential.

    Thank you!

    (Source: narodnimuzej.rs)

  10. medievalpoc:

    Abu’l Qasim Firdausi

    Nushirvan Receives Mihras, Envoy of Caesar

    Iran (c. 1300)

    Folio from a Shahnama (Book of Kings). Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper; 5.5 x 12.4 cm.

    The Byzantine emperor, concerned about the possibility of an invasion by the mighty Iranian forces, sent an embassy under his general Mihras carrying a letter of conciliation and lavish gifts, and a peaceful agreement was eventually concluded. In the miniature, the letter–which assumes a special significance in this context, since the Ilkhanid rulers and the Catholic pope exchanged similar missives–and the gifts in the form of gold cups are shown at the foot of the shah’s throne. Mihras is represented as a type of Crusader, something between a warrior and a priest, wearing a helmet and holding a cross.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art

    (via historynewsandviws)